Why Is IRR Important In Real Estate?

IRR stands for internal rate of return. You will find this metric to be commonly used in the real estate sector. If you are wondering whats a good IRR, here is the information that will help you understand this metric.

Once you make any investment, you will want to know the profitability of that investment over time. IRR is a metric that helps investors calculate their profitability. The real estate market is dynamic and not as simple as the stock market. There are a plethora of internal and external factors that affect the value of a property. Therefore, before investing, you must be aware of these factors.

What Is IRR?

Internal return rate is given as a percentage, a pretty standard financial metric that real estate investors use. It is a metric that you can deploy to calculate the return from an ongoing investment or the potential returns from an expected investment. Many investors also use it to evaluate the performance of an investment.

You can calculate the internal rate of return based on multiple data points and factors. However, the two main factors that concern internal rate of return are time and profit. All the other factors can vary and be dynamic to pinpoint accurately. The factors are also dependent on the situation of the investment.

Internal rate of return is an annual return that you get on your property. This return is the amount you can get through the entire period you hold off the real estate. You should always present the internal rate of return as a percentage.

Calculating the internal rate of return brings together profit and loss, and it also considers the time value of money.

With this technique, you can also know the future selling price of the property. You will generate a positive IRR if you have given your real estate for rent. Even if you have a negative cash flow, you will still have a positive one. IRR is not similar to ROI. ROI helps measure total return over the holding period.

What is a Good IRR?

If you want to know what’s a good IRR, then 25% IRR is one of the most commonly used measures of a project’s profitability. It is also known as the unleveraged IRR if the project is built with no debt. The higher the internal rate of return, the more profitable the project is.

However, it is essential to consider that not all projects will have an internal rate of return of 25%. Some factors can affect a project’s internal rate of return. One of the most important aspects is the time frame. If the investment is for a short period, then the internal rate of return will be higher than if the investment is for a more extended period.

Its Importance

It is an essential tool for real estate investors for several reasons. First, there are only a few reliable metrics for calculating an investment’s performance and profitability. All the other alternate methods for calculating the performance of an asset are not that effective.

You cannot track the performance of your real estate investment in the public like you can with bonds and stocks. Unlike stocks, real estate is a private asset. The value will be affected by factors that are more specific to you.

The type of internal rate of return can be different for different investors. For instance, some real estate investors have a higher risk-taking capacity than others. Therefore, they can work with an internal return rate of 10% or more. On the other hand, others wanting more stability and balance in their returns will need an IRR of more than 20%.


Internal rate of return is an essential tool for measuring the potential profitability of a real estate investor. It is pretty convenient for investors to use and evaluate the performance of their investments. If you are confused between two or three properties, you can calculate the IRR for these three properties individually. After you are done with the calculation, you can select the real estate with the best returns.