Runge’s chemical work included purine chemistry, the identification of caffeine. The most crucial coal tar products, coal tar dye, paper chromatography, chinoline, pyrrole, pheno, atropine, and thymol. He, however, did not analyze some or all of these compounds. Runge described his pioneering utilization of paper chromatography in two books published in 1850.
Runge received a medical degree in the year 1819 from the University of Jena plus a doctorate in chemistry, beginning with the University of Berlin in 1822. He toured Europe the following years where he taught chemistry along at the University of Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland) before having a post for being chemist within the chemical factory at Oranienburg in 1831. From then until 1852, he served for a chemical business but was dismissed using a resentful manager and died fifteen much later in poverty.
In 1855, Runge was credited for being the first to spot the phenomenon of “Liesegang rings.” He observed them in the middle of experiments upon the precipitation of reagents in blotting paper.
He also noted the choice of belladonna to induce long-lasting dilation of a given pupil of one’s eye (mydriasis), even the CEO created a process for obtaining sugar from beet juice.
Honors of Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge
In Oranienburg, Runge was believed an eccentric, cranky independent scholar. In 1862, 28 years after his discovery of coal tar dyes, he was honored with a high tribute at the Industrial Congress in London, and results in death was finally honored in the Prussian capital of Berlin. That was transpiring given honorary membership in chemical societies and received several honorary degrees and awards.
Accidental Experiment of Friedlieb Ferdinand
Runge haphazardly splattered a drop of belladonna extract in his eye, steering note of that pupil-dilating influences while experimenting. A decade later, while studying under renowned inventor and chemist Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner along at the University of Jena, Runge was requested to create belladonna’s effects as part of an exhibition for one of Döbereiner’s friends: the poet and polymath Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Impressed by the 25-year-old chemist, Goethe handed Runge a bag of rare coffee beans and suggested he analyze their chemical makeup. Shortly after that, Runge isolated the active component we understand today as caffeine.
Summarizing The work of Friedlieb Ferdinand
Runge earned a medical degree beginning with the University of Jena in 1819 plus a doctorate in chemistry, starting with the University of Berlin in 1822. That was transpiring a professor with the University of Breslau before having a post as a chemist in a chemical factory in the year 1831 at Oranienburg. In the course of his synthetic dyes research, he separated and described several important molecules within coal-tar oil, just one now called phenol (carbolic acid), rosolic acid (aurin), pyrrole, and cyanol (aniline). He did not explain any of these compounds, however. Runge described his pioneering utility of paper chromatography in two books published in 1850. He also noted the capability of belladonna to induce long-lasting dilation of a given pupil of one’s eye (mydriasis), and he made a process for obtaining sugar from beet juice.
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